Can colon cancer be prevented?Colon cancer can be prevented. There are several pathways for its onset, one of which has a higher incidence rate, which is the evolution of polyps. Therefore, as long as we detect polyps early and intervene, we can effectively prevent colon cancer. Therefore, as long as we detect polyps early and intervene, we can effectively prevent colon cancer. , from this level, cancer is completely preventable.
How to detect it early?The original guidelines recommended that a colonoscopy must be done after the age of 50. Now the age has been advanced to 45 years old. In other words: the first colonoscopy is required at the age of 45. If polyps that are suspected of being cancerous are found, the polyps will be removed.
Do I need to have a colonoscopy every year in the future?After the age of 45, if there are no symptoms of intestinal discomfort, it is recommended to have a colonoscopy every 5 years. However, if polyps are found for the first time and removed, a reexamination is required in the second year. If there is no recurrence, then every 5 years. Once. The last time is at the age of 75. There will be no need for routine examinations in the future.
Does having a colonoscopy have any impact on the body?Colonoscopy has no impact on the body. It is a non-invasive examination and will not cause any sequelae. You may experience mild intestinal discomfort symptoms 1 to 2 days after the procedure. It is recommended to undergo a painless colonoscopy. A complete painless colonoscopy is recommended. Anesthesia does not make the brain stupid. As you age, your memory does get worse, but it cannot all be attributed to general anesthesia. In addition, it is best to have a gastroscopy at the same time as a colonoscopy. , also once every 5 years, next time I will introduce the knowledge points about gastroscopy.
What about people under 45?Although people under the age of 45 do not need to undergo routine colonoscopy, if they have symptoms of intestinal discomfort, it is recommended that people under the age of 45 undergo a colonoscopy as soon as possible and then every 5 years.
What are the early discomfort symptoms that require colonoscopy?
Repeated bloody stools that can rule out hemorrhoids; long-term diarrhea, bloating, constipation, and abdominal pain; changes in defecation habits, including changes in defecation time and frequency; loss of appetite, long-term nausea and vomiting; anemia, fatigue, and weight loss accompanied by abdominal discomfort, etc.