What preparations need to be made before colorectal cancer surgery?
1. Bowel preparation is required before colorectal cancer surgery
Before colorectal cancer surgery, doctors need to prepare the patient's intestines. The main purpose is to make the patient's intestines as empty as possible, so that the operation can go smoothly and it is more conducive to smooth postoperative recovery.
Bowel preparation used to be oral laxatives plus mechanical enemas, but now it is mainly through excretion, without mechanical enemas, to minimize irritation to the intestines and tumors. In the past, oral antibiotics were required for bowel preparation. These antibiotics are not easily absorbed but can play a role in intestinal sterilization and anti-inflammatory. Now they are rarely used.
2. Colorectal cancer patients also need to be prepared before surgery
Patients must be mentally prepared before surgery and need to understand why they need the surgery and how they need to recover after the surgery. Before colorectal cancer surgery, patients need to reserve their cardiopulmonary function. Some patients are relatively older and have poor cardiopulmonary function, so they need to reserve their cardiopulmonary function before surgery. In addition, if some patients have poor breathing or heart function, it is recommended to climb stairs, exercise appropriately, quit smoking, and control through diet. Try to maintain dietary energy supply without producing too much feces, so that the operation can go smoothly.
What are the reactions of patients after colorectal cancer surgery?Surgery often carries certain risks, and patients may experience varying degrees of reactions after surgery. Zheng Quan told the editor of Family Doctor Online that after colorectal cancer surgery, patients may experience wound pain.
After anesthesia and being unable to exercise properly, patients may develop pneumonia and venous thrombosis. In addition, due to abdominal surgery, the recovery of intestinal function will be relatively slow. Patients should be given appropriate activities, abdominal physiotherapy, and even traditional therapies such as acupuncture to ensure that the patient's intestinal function gradually recovers.
Although colorectal cancer is scary, it is not incurable. If colorectal cancer is discovered, you should actively accept treatment, adopt effective treatment methods, make preparations before surgery, and actively participate in rehabilitation training after surgery, and you will recover faster. !