Colon cancer is a common malignant tumor in the intestines, but with proactive preventive measures, we can reduce our risk.
The following will introduce a few key points. If you insist on doing these, you can effectively protect yourself from the threat of colon cancer.
1. What are the predisposing factors for colon cancer?1. The risk of colon cancer increases with age, especially for people over 50 years old.
2. Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease) and some colon-related diseases (such as adenomatous polyps and familial polyposis, colonic schistosomiasis granulomatosis) are also associated with the occurrence of colon cancer. Have a close relationship.
3. A high-fat diet, high red meat intake, low-fiber diet, and high-salt diet are all associated with an increased incidence of colon cancer.
4. Obesity and overweight are risk factors for colon cancer. Obesity can lead to chronic inflammation and hormone imbalance, increasing the risk of colon cancer.
5. Lack of physical activity and prolonged sitting are thought to be associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. Moderate physical activity helps maintain intestinal health.
6. Smoking and heavy drinking are both considered risk factors for colon cancer. Chemicals in tobacco and metabolites of alcohol can have harmful effects on the intestinal mucosa.
7. Genetic factors play an important role in the occurrence of colon cancer. About 5% to 20% of colon cancers are hereditary colon cancers. Therefore, those with a family history of colon cancer should receive regular colonoscopy to achieve early detection and early treatment. .
2. How to prevent colon cancer1. Eat healthilyDiet is crucial to colon cancer prevention. As much as possible, we should choose a healthy, balanced diet that includes enough high-fiber foods such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. At the same time, reduce the intake of excessive red meat, processed meat and high-salt and high-sugar foods, try to avoid fried foods, and limit alcohol intake. Such eating habits help to obtain rich nutrients, reduce the risk of intestinal inflammation, and maintain a healthy digestive system.
2. ExerciseModerate physical activity is important in preventing colon cancer. Moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, swimming, running, or biking, should be done regularly every week. Exercise can help improve gastrointestinal motility, reduce the accumulation of toxins in the colon and the occurrence of obesity, thereby reducing the risk of colon cancer.
3. Control your weightMaintaining an appropriate weight plays a positive role in colon cancer prevention. There is a strong link between obesity and colon cancer, so controlling your weight through a balanced diet and moderate exercise can effectively prevent colon cancer. Following a healthy lifestyle, including eating right, exercising regularly and getting good sleep, can help maintain a healthy weight.
4. Quit smoking and limit alcoholSmoking and excessive alcohol consumption are both associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. Therefore, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake can actively prevent colon cancer, improve overall health, and reduce the risk of various cancers.
5. Regular screeningDetecting colon cancer early is key to prevention. Regular colon cancer screening can help with early detection and treatment, improving cure rates. For people 50 years and older, it is recommended to have a colonoscopy every 5 years (or a colonoscopy every two years for those with intestinal disease), or a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and FIT screening every two years. .