Colorectal cancer prevention and disease prognosis
Colonoscopy screening for high-risk groups is an important measure for early diagnosis. High-risk groups can include those with positive fecal occult blood tests on a regular basis. Preventive measures mainly include changing lifestyles, such as quitting smoking, maintaining body mass index, exercising, and increasing fiber diet. Actively prevent and treat precancerous conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, and treat adenomas and polyps in the colon and rectum.
His prognosis is mainly related to his specific pathophysiological changes. According to the five-year survival rate after surgery, the five-year survival rate can reach 50% to more than 60%. If the differentiation is relatively low and the degree of malignancy is relatively low, the prognosis is also relatively good. If the malignancy is high and there is metastasis, the prognosis will be worse.
Specific measures for colorectal cancer
First, eat more low-fat, high-fiber foods, eat more whole grains, and eat more fiber-rich foods. Pay more attention to eating more fresh vegetables and fruits, especially green vegetables containing vitamin C and vitamin A. and yellow vegetables; try to eat less fried, greasy and hard-to-digest foods.
Second, you must exercise appropriately to increase your body's resistance. Workers who often sit in offices and mental workers must participate in some physical activities appropriately and increase their activity. The incidence of colorectal cancer is higher than that of workers who sit quietly. be low;
Third, if your relatives have colorectal cancer, or you have colorectal polyps, or you have cancer in other parts of the body, you should go to the hospital regularly for electronic colonoscopy. If you find any problems, treat them as soon as possible, because early colorectal cancer can be cured The survival rate is still relatively high, but if it reaches the mid-to-late stage, the survival rate will decline.
Fourth, those with a family history of colon cancer and rectal cancer, as well as those with a high risk of colon and rectal cancer, can reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer by taking calcium supplements or increasing the calcium content in their diet;
Fourth, high-risk groups should be checked regularly for early detection and early treatment.
The treatment of colorectal cancer is mainly surgical. There are two types of surgery, one is open surgery, and the other is laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery, which has emerged in recent years, has a good effect on the treatment of colorectal cancer. The survival rate is different from that of open surgery. There is no difference between surgery and there are fewer complications. Colorectal cancer can also be treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other comprehensive treatments.