Colon cancer is a common malignant tumor of the digestive tract that occurs in the colon. The incidence rate is highest among people aged 40 to 50 years old, with a male to female ratio of 2 to 3:1. Early-stage colon cancer is not scary and can be eradicated through minimally invasive endoscopic surgery. Unfortunately, most people are already in the middle and late stages when they are discovered, making treatment difficult. Therefore, it is important to detect and prevent colon cancer early.
First, understand the symptoms of early-stage colon cancer.
There may be no symptoms in the early stage! ! ! This is also the reason why many patients are already in the middle and late stages when they are discovered. Symptoms such as abdominal distension, indigestion, changes in bowel habits, abdominal pain, mucus or bloody stools may occur in the middle and late stages. Some patients may experience symptoms of incomplete or complete intestinal obstruction.
Second, know how to detect and prevent colon cancer early.
Among many physical examinations and screenings, colonoscopy is the most direct and effective method. It is a measure that integrates "diagnosis and treatment". The most common form of early colon cancer is colon polyps, which we call "precancerous diseases." The vast majority of colon cancers are transformed from colon polyps. It usually takes 5-10 years for colon polyps to develop and turn into cancer. During this period, colonoscopy and removal of colon polyps can prevent colon cancer.
Again, we should pay attention to which groups of people need timely colonoscopy.
1. People aged 50-75, regardless of whether they have symptoms or not. After the age of 50, the incidence of colon cancer is high, and it is recommended to complete at least one colonoscopy.
2. High-risk groups with a history of colon polyps, persistent inflammatory bowel disease, and first-degree relatives with colorectal cancer should start early and undergo colonoscopy screening regularly.
3. If you have warning symptoms, such as changes in bowel habits, diarrhea, constipation, thin stools, etc., you should undergo a colonoscopy in time.
Finally, know how to prevent it in daily life.
Quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly can prevent colon cancer. For example, daily intake of milk, whole grain foods, fresh fruits, nuts and vegetables, etc., as well as 30 minutes of exercise every day can have a preventive effect.