Conditioning issues after colon cancer surgery can be divided into short-term and long-term.Short-term temporary positioning for 1 month after surgery. This stage is mainly about gradually restoring diet and promoting the recovery of gastrointestinal function, especially the healing period of colon anastomosis and abdominal wound within 1 week after surgery.
Within the next week, I was basically unable to eat, mainly during my stay in the hospital. Nutritional issues were mainly supported by intravenous nutrition. Regardless of the issue of eating, you can drink water at most (usually you wait until the intestines recover to defecate, and a few start drinking water on the first day after surgery, which is not a big problem).
During this period, pay attention to getting out of bed early and observe the amount and color changes of the liquid drained by the abdominal drainage tube. Elderly people should pay attention to coughing and sputum to avoid lung infection. At the same time, pay attention to whether there is blood and fluid oozing from the wound, and change dressings in time. Avoid wound infection. The vast majority of patients can take liquid food, including enteral nutrition, 5-7 days after surgery. The stitches on the abdominal wound can basically be removed within a week, and discharge can be considered.
Postoperative precautionsFrom discharge to one month after surgery, the patient mainly rests at home. During this period, you will gradually increase the amount and type of food you eat, appropriately increase the amount of activity, and restore your physical fitness as soon as possible.
Prepare for postoperative adjuvant treatment about one month after surgery (postoperative chemotherapy usually starts about one month after surgery). Because the eating requirements after colon cancer surgery are not as strict as those after gastric cancer surgery, the food eaten is mainly digested and absorbed in the stomach and small intestine. Regardless of the type of food eaten, when it reaches the colon, it is basically food residue and forms stool. During this period, be careful not to eat cold or other irritating foods.
The gastrointestinal function will not be fully restored, and diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, indigestion, etc. may easily occur. affect postoperative recovery. There are no restrictions on the type of food you eat, the temperature is appropriate, and you don't want to be overly full each time you eat. The amount of activity gradually increases, mainly walking, and it is not advisable to be too tired.
Proper exercise to restore physical fitnessIf postoperative pathological staging requires postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, try to follow the standard chemotherapy regimen. The diet and precautions during chemotherapy must be arranged by the attending doctor. Different chemotherapy plans have different precautions and requirements.
Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapyLong-term precautions: For patients who do not require postoperative chemotherapy or who have completed postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, basic treatment is completed. All that remains is regular review and maintaining good living habits. Improve bad living and eating habits, exercise regularly, and keep a happy mood.